HILLARY CLINTON; HARD CHOICES: BOOK ANALYSIS. CHAPTER 16: LIBYA: ALL NECECSSARY MEASURES. (Descent Into Chaos.)
Filed under: Libya's descent into chaos, The fall of Kaddafi, Uncategorized
LIBYA, a former client state of the Soviet Union, a thorn in the side of the Western world and most of the states in the Mid-East faced an insurgence as part of the Arab Spring.
Muammar Kaddafi a tyrannical, brutal despot in power since 1969 was prepared to massacre his own people with his air force and the heavy weapons of his army and security forces.
Over the years Kaddafi had been a top enemy of the United States.
He was responsible for the Berlin bombing killing American servicemen, the destruction of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland killing 270 people and behind a plot to kill the King of Saudi Arabia our ally.
This book is about hard choices but the hard choice was not about assisting the insurgents in Libya but how to do it. After Iran and Afghanistan, where we shouldered a major portion of the work and fighting, the U.S. was reluctant to put boots on the ground or to even stop Kaddafi’s forces with air power.
Hillary was able to put together a consortium of states, including NATO members and also members of the Arab League. With a U.N. Resolution to use all necessary force to prevent Kaddafi from suppressing a popular uprising with superior armaments. It was decided to not only to create a no fly zone but to stop his forces on the ground.
The United states would destroy Libya’s air defense system because we were best equipped to do so and NATO members and members of the Arab league including the United Arab Emirates and Jordan would stop Kaddafi’s forces from advancing against the insurgents in their Benghazi strong hold and elsewhere in Libya by air strikes and supplies. The insurgents would do the fighting on the ground.
By summer 2011 the insurgents had gained the upper hand over Kaddafi’s forces and by the end of August Tripoli was in their hands and the Kaddafi family was forced to flee.
In October 2011 despite the fact that Kaddafi himself was still not captured Hillary decided to go to Tripoli. This was a trip not with out danger since there was a large number of surface to air missile launchers in the country.
At the airport in Tripoli she was welcomed by members of the militia from Zintin a city which had seen fierce fighting, However the fact the airport was in the hands of one militia of many that formed the insurgency was an omen of what was to come.
Hillary met with the Chairman of the National Transitional Council of Libya, Mustafa Abdul Jabril. Hillary discussed the many problems facing an orderly transition in Libya.
Kaddafi had left behind no governmental infrastructure, political parties or even a net work of NGO’s that could supply assistance and staffers for a new government. The Army and Security forces had been defeated and scattered and what was left was a hodgepodge of militias with varying philosophies and interests.
In the summer of 2012, 60% of those eligible to vote did so and elected representatives to form a new government, however the different groups were never able to form a governing consensus and the country spiraled into anarchy with the various militias in control of different areas of the country.
Hillary probably wrote this book by making a first draft dictating from her calendar and than having a staffer fill in the details which she edited adding anecdotes in an effort to make it more readable.
Phillip Bump in the Washington Post estimates she was paid an advance of $14 million and the book never came close to earning that in estimated sales of 350,000 at $35 a copy ($12.5 million.) However 350,000 doesn’t sound bad. Probably every library in the world ordered a few copies but not enough to show a profit.
Simon and Shuster the publisher is probably looking forward to a memoir if Hillary is elected president or perhaps other books from the Clinton family. We haven’t heard from Chelsea about growing up Clinton yet. Also there is the prestige of publishing the memoir of a former First Lady and Secretary of State about her term as Secretary. This can only be good for business and likely to attact other books from notables.
Hillary has left the incident involving the death of Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three CIA officers for the next chapter. She also didn’t touch on the death of Kaddafi and the manner in which he expired which would have been interesting. Perhaps she will in a later chapter
HILLARY CLINTON; HARD CHOICES: BOOK ANALYSIS. CHAPTER 15: THE ARAB SPRING: HILARY SAYS IT WAS COMING. The Arab Spring A Sword That Cuts Both Ways.
Filed under: HILLARY SAYS IT WAS COMING, THE ARAB SPRING, The Arab Spring A Sword That Cuts Both Ways, Uncategorized
For a long time prior to the events in Tunisia the United States had been advising the countries in North Africa and the Middle-East that even though we were allied with many of them that concessions should be made in recognition of civil rights and representative government. The dictatorships paid small heed.
The United States, hedging its bets, spent fifty million dollars to bring activists to Estonia for a boot camp in using the internet as a means to organize and communicate.
Prior to that in 2002 a comprehensive study by Arab Scholars and the United Nations Development Program called The Arab Human Development Report stated that the region was in decline. Notwithstanding the regions oil wealth and strategic trading location unemployment was double the Global average. Also unemployment was even higher for young people and women. A powder keg if there ever was one.
The number of Arabs living in slums without adequate water, electricity or sanitation was increasing. A small ruling class grew wealthier and more distant from the common people. Corruption was rampant. Yet despite warnings from the U.S the U.N. and others the powers in control tightened their grip on these countries and increased their repressive policies.
Arab women’s political and economic participation was the lowest in the world. (Hillary never forgets to mention the condition of woman because I suspect she sees them as her chief political base in the U.S.) However it was the disenfranchised young both men and woman seeing little hope in the future that led the revolutions across North Africa and into Syria. (Yemen seems to be a Shiite coup rather than part of the Arab Spring)
In Tunisia, Mohamed_Bouazizi, an underground economy, fruit vender protested a confiscatory license fee that went into the coffers of the corrupt Ben Ali family by immolating himself in front of local government offices in Tunisia. This event was broadcast throughout the Arab world and further protests occurred with the help of the communication and organizing aspects of social media.
Ben Ali a dictator was forced to abdicate and flee with his extended family to Saudi Arabia and the protests spread to Egypt and Libya. Kaddafi was killed by the protesters and Mubarak was forced to resign and later tried for civil rights crimes against the protesters in Egypt. He was mostly exonerated.
In Tunisia a moderate Islamic government now rules and anarchy reigns in Libya. The Army rules in Egypt and in Syria a civil war continues complicated by the rise of ISIS a successor organization to Al Qaeda, better organized and bent on establishing an Islamic Caliphate in the Middle-East by means of terrorism. It would rule ascribing an ultra conservative interpretation of the Koran as authority.
Hilary believes that history will show that the United States was on the side of human rights, freedom, free markets and economic empowerment during these turbulent times which continue. Little is said of the U.S support or non support of the dictators in Tunisia and Egypt.
However there were many communications’ for Mubarak to grant reforms and provide for a peaceful transition process. He never acceded to the suggestions until it was too late. In Libya the U.S and its European allies provided air support to the insurgents.
Democracy has not flowered in any of these areas and much like Iraq since we removed an unstable dictator, uncertainty and instability has ruled the day. Iran seems to have gained politically from the instability and it is a conservative Islamic state condemned for supporting terrorist activities.
The Arab Spring was a seismic event that probably would have happened no matter what the United States did except in Libya were western airpower helped the insurgents succeed. However it was too much to expect that these countries would somehow morph into full blown western style democracies.
She does not speak of the turmoil in Libya and the death of our ambassador there. That discussion is reserved for as later chapter. She doesn’t speak of what is likely to happen in terms of an Arab Spring in regard to Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States or even Iran.
The Arab spring seems to be a sword that cuts both ways in terms of freedom, free markets and economic empowerment in these states culturally different to the western democracies.
Filed under: ELECT ELIZABETH WARREN, LAST ROOSEVELT DEMOCRAT, Uncategorized, WITHOUT TIES TO WALLSTREET
Elizabeth Warren deserves to be elected president. she speaks for the people not just Wall Street and moneyed interests. She is the only true democrat not bound by ties to Wall Street and the moneyed interests that hire the lobbyists who have gutted legislation to protect the public like Glass-Steagle, Sarbanes-Oxley and Dodd-Frank.